“A directive is a legislative act of the European Union which requires member states to achieve a particular result without dictating the means of achieving that result. It can be distinguished from European Union regulations which are self-executing and do not require any implementing measures. Directives normally leave member states with a certain amount of leeway as to the exact rules to be adopted. Directives can be adopted by means of a variety of legislative procedures depending on its subject matter”

European politics is always giving special attention to SMEs - Small and Medium Sized Companies. Their needs are considered when making new legislation and they can apply for dedicated funding programmes. But does your company qualify as an SME?

General principles: The Commission is in principle free to choose the tools which are available; amongst them directives, regulations, decisions to reach the targeted goal, except if the Treaty specifies exactly what tool to use.